Looking for rarest snakes? Top 15 rare snakes on the planet

Snakes are slowly but surely become the must-have pets for those that love the cold-blooded reptiles of the world. Many species of rarest snakes around the world are quite hard to find.

This list will tell you about 15 of the rarest snakes on earth as well as how they can make good pets. Plus, how to take care of them.

Why are these snakes rare?

rare snake: Darevsky’s Viper
rare snake: Darevsky’s Viper

There can be many reasons that a certain snake is considered rare. This is why it can be a challenge to find one in a pet store. Best to look at pet stores and keep up to date with their collection of new (or returning) species that they bring in.

While you may take the risk of catching one in the wide it would be best not to since they are undomesticated. Plus, they could less likely want to be your pet.

Rare snakes could be endangered to the old way of looking at snakes as being deadly dangerous but they are an important part of nature as are all the animals (mosquitoes are up for debate). They can be the food of other predators such as hawks, owls, or falcons.

Snakes also eat insects, smaller mammals, amphibians and even other reptiles. Plus, rare snakes could be hard to find this they have adapted to find in their natural habitats. Below is a list of rare snakes (in no particular order) that you may look into if you are interested. 

Rare Snakes List

Rare Snakes List
Rare Snakes List

Absolutely that this list will not include common pet snakes such as corn snakes, milk snake morphs, or the garden snakes like small black snakes.

NumberNameSizeRangeFood
1Wagner’s Viper70 to 95 cm (28 to 37 inches)Eastern Turkey and Northwestern IranBirds, lizard, eggs
2Alcatrazes Lancehead46.2 to 50.5 cm (18.19 to 19. 89 inches)  Alcatrazes Islands (off the coast of Brazil) Birds, frogs, lizards, other snakes
3Santa Catalina Island Rattlesnake73.1 cm (28.8 inches) Isla Santa Catalina in the Gulf of California Lizards, deer mouse, 
4Antiguan Racer1 m (3 ft) for males (females are slightly larger)Great Bird Island, Rabbit Island, York Island, Green IslandLizards
5Darevsky’s Viper42.1 cm (16.6 inches)-females25.8 cm (10.2 inches)- malesNortheastern Turkey and Northwestern Armenia Lizards, rodents, orthopterans
6Short-Nosed Sea Snake60 cm (24 inches) Off the coast of North-Western Australia (Ashmore and Hibernia)Fish
7Round Island Boa1. 5 m (5 ft) Round Island, Islands of Quoin, Flat Island, Mauritius, Ile de la PasGeckos, skinks, chicken, mice
8Leaf-Scaled Sea Snake80 cm (31. 5 inches)Shark Bay (Coast of Australia) Fish, eel
9Saint Vincent Blacksnake1 meter (3.29 ft)Saint Vincent and GrenadinesFrogs
10St. Lucia Racer SnakeBelow 1 m (3 ft)Off the coast of St. LuciaLizards
11Golden Lancehead70 cm (28 inches) Ilha da Queimada Grande in Brazil Birds, lizards, snakes
12Ross’ Wolf Snake72. 7 cm (28. 62 inches)Island of Dalupiri in the PhilippinesFrogs, skinks, lizards, geckos
13Kikuzato’s Brook Snake40 cm (15. 45 inches)JapanEarthworms, frogs, tadpoles, Freshwater shrimp, freshwater fish 
14Cuban Khaki Dwarf Boa1 m (3 ft)West Indies Geckos, lizards, anoles 
15Madagascar Blind Snake 27 cm (10. 63 inches) Madagascar Ants, termites

Basic Care Sheet of Rare Snakes

Basic Care Sheet Of Rare Snakes
Basic Care Sheet Of Rare Snakes

The rare snakes are not idea for beginners, we suggest to look at the easy snakes to keep if you are just started keeping pet snake.

Once you find the rare snake of your dreams it would be a great idea to make sure that you are prepared to take them in before you throw down the price of the snake.

This does not only mean mentally but making sure you have the correct home environment, food, and equipment to keep your future snake happy and safe.

The home environment should be a reflection of their natural habitat such as the correct temperature that they can live under. We have made a basic care sheet for you to read so that you know what to do and how to do it. However, you must also do additional research into the type of snake that you want to bring home.

Equipment Needed

Unlike many reptiles, snakes would rather have smaller space to move around in but not too small that they feel claustrophobic. Bigger spaces could make them feel anxious and uncomfortable.

rare snake: Alcatrazes Lancehead
rare snake: Alcatrazes Lancehead

Another factor when looking into buying the perfect terrarium is to make sure that they cannot escape from it. They can be quite good at getting in and out of small areas and making a ‘glide’ for the outside. 

Hiding spots inside the terrarium can also help replicate the natural environment for the snakes since they may enjoy the game of hide and seek.

This can be achieved by purchasing a cave or a fake rock for them. However, you are feeling creative then you may make hiding spots out of cardboard and paint it in such a way as to suit their environment so that it does not stand out and become distracting to them. 

The Floor Of the Terrarium

The ground of the terrarium should also be made to look and feel like their natural land that they glide on. This can be achieved by using different materials to get the effect such as grass, sand, gravel, mulch or rock. However, gravel can be the best option.

Plus, the ground should be heated (using a heating unit under it) at certain temperatures depending on the breed of snake you will end up owning. Other equipment includes a heat lamp and a UV light.

Another note is that snakes also like to move around to regulate their temperature. This can mean that one end of the terrarium can be heated while the other is cooled.

This is why researching and asking where you bought the snake is good to do so that you know how to set up their inhouse home. There are other aspects when it comes to taking care of snakes such as:     

  • What to feed them
  • How to help with shedding
  • How to handle them
  • What exercises they can do
  • License and Registration 

What to feed rare snakes

Even I am a rare snake. I still eat the common food for snake

A rare snake thought

Snakes are carnivores so they live off of meat. This goes back to what was mentioned earlier in the article about snakes eating insects, smaller mammals, amphibians, and even other reptiles.

Last update on 2020-07-05 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Plus, snakes can eat their food whole with the use of their unhinging jaws, teeth to hook and keep the food, and their throat to swallow it all down. They can devour mice, smaller reptiles, and rats as favorite meals. But remember to research what certain breeds eat what type of food. 

Large snakes would not mind being fed dead prey. However, this is not a rule. Some species have to eat live meat. Even if you were to wiggle the dead meat to make it look like it is alive, that will not work.

Depending on the breed of snake you may be able to get away with feeding them one prey a day but other breeds could require six. Plus, a good measurement for how big the prey should be for feeding is by looking at the middle of the body of your pet snake.

Don’t Forget About Water  

Water is also an important part of their food source. Not only for them to drink, but sometimes to bathe in. Therefore, it is a good idea to make sure that they have fresh, clean water daily and if they foul the water that you change it as soon as possible. 

How To Help With Shedding

Snakes shed their skin by themselves and how often they do depends on their breed.

However, then they are young and still growing then they would shed more often when compared to their adult age. You should make sure that the temperature and humidity are at the correct level when they are about to shed so that the process is simple and quick for them.

You will notice that there is often a blueish white glaze over their eyes or their currant skin has dulled in color.

They will scratch their skin on coarse material such as rocks or branches to get their skin off so make sure you have that in their home. If you see that they are bumping their noses against objects this can mean that there is not enough material for them to scratch with and you should add more without upsetting them. 

How To Help Them Shed if They Are Struggling  

If you see that your snake is struggling to shed (it should take about a week or two depending on the breed) then you can aid them by adding a bowl of water that your snake can swim in.

This would help their process. You can also make sure that they have enough water to drink and keep an eye on their water bowl to refill it as soon as needed.

If your snake is comfortable with you picking them up while they are trying to shed then you can take them out of their enclosure and place them on several wet paper towels that they can move through.

This will cause friction and add humidity to help them get rid of their old skin. There are other methods that you can do such as spray their enclosure with lukewarm water if your snake is okay with that. If you see that something is going wrong with the shedding process then take them to the vet for a check-up. 

Make a Shedding Box

You can also make a shedding box out of a shoebox with poked holes in it, as well as a lot of damp paper towels inside. This would be a good space for your snake to move into to shed and it can be easy to clean once they are done.

Make sure that you clean out all the shedded skin from their enclosure when they are finished shedding as well as when they allow you too.     

How To Handle Them

To bond with your pet rare snakes, you would need to handle them. There is a way to do this without making them tense and freak out which may result in you getting bitten because they are frightened.

If you have a large snakes then you should gently scoop with your one hand near their head, while your other hand gently scoops near their tail.

If your snake is small then you can gently scoop them up by the middle third of their body. Do not rush and grab since this will frighten them making them struggle with your or bite you out of fear.

You should support their whole body when you lift them out of their enclosure. However, if they are doing the “S” shape (as seen when you look down at them from above) or they are hissing then it is best to pick them up another time since they are warning you that they are not in the mood to be handled. 

What Else You Should Know About Handling rare snakes?

Another point to note about handling a rare snake is to wait a few hours after they have eaten.

If you lift them directly after they have had a meal then they may throw up on you. Plus, make sure that your hands are clean so that they do not smell food and confuse it for a snack.

Do not pick them up when they are shedding since they are vulnerable and handling them at that time will make them stressed and uncomfortable.

Once you have established a habit with handling them and they are used to it, make sure that you pick them up once a week. Plus, you should be able to clean their tail and head when you handle them.

However, check with your vet or an expert to find out how often you should handle them since every breed is different.    

What Exercises They Can Do

While snakes usually do not require as much exercise as most dogs, they still should do a workout now and again. Easiest would be that they have enough space to move around and even to take a swim.

Depending on how large the snake is you may want to invest in a water feature in their terrarium or some climbing equipment such as rocks or trees. A smaller snake would require less space and material to exercise on and with. 

License and Registration 

A very important factor in owning a rare snake is to have a license for it as well as to register it.

Depending on where you live the licensing and registration process may be different. Some rare snakes can be illegal to own so it would be best to keep what you can have and what you cannot before you even go pet snake shopping. In the United States, every state can have a different set of rules when it comes to snakes.

Some snakes may be allowed to have as pets in one state but illegal to own in another. This latter fact can be important if you live in the US and are moving from state to state.

Best to research what paperwork you will need and see which snakes you may own before you invest further into bringing one home.

The article has some research from Six Hundred Species from around the World by Mark O’Shea. This is a great book about 600 pet snakes you can keep.

Last update on 2020-09-25 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Final Thoughts

Finding a rare snake can be a task in itself.

But, if you do make sure that you know how to look after them and keep them healthy.

If you have any questions speak to your vet and an expert as well as research the snake’s breed so that you are prepared for your new scaly friend. 

Rarest Snakes in the World

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