There are over 100 species of pufferfish, people are searching a lot for pink spotted puffer fish to keep as pets. One of the most reasons is its attractive colors.
Features of Puffer Fish
Pufferfish vary in sizes depending on the fish species. Some like dwarf pufferfish only grows to a length of 1” while Mbu pufferfish can grow up to 24”.
Since they only have four teeth, two on the upper jaw and two on the lower jaw, they appear to have a small mouth that resembles rats and mice.
Pufferfish have no scales, but some species have spikes that are visible when they inflate. Those spikes act as a defensive mechanism.
Natural Habitat of Puffer Fish
As stated above, there are a large species of pufferfish. Some require fresh water to survive while others will only survive in brackish water. For this reason and others, it is almost impossible to keep two species of pufferfish in one aquarium.
Freshwater Puffer Fish
Even though there are more than 100 species of pufferfish, approximately 30 species live in freshwater while the rest live in brackish water.
Here is a list of some of the most common freshwater pufferfish species
- Dwarf puffer
- Red-tailed puffer
- Fahaka puffer
- Golden puffer
- Congo puffer
- Mbu Puffer
You can find freshwater puffers in rivers and lakes, and saltwater pufferfish in oceans. Freshwater pufferfish are harder to maintain in aquariums than saltwater pufferfish. However, it is cheaper to keep freshwater pufferfish than saltwater pufferfish. Most spotted pufferfish are freshwater animals even though they do best in brackish water.
Pink spotted puffer fish
Pink spotted puffer fish and Green spotted pufferfish, even though they can live in freshwater, they tend to live longer in mild saltwater.
According to LFS, pink spotted puffers are mild-mannered compared to green spotted. They can grow up to a length of 30cm, making them one of the largest pufferfish.
To keep pink spotted puffer as a pet, you will need a large tank. You should also decorate it well to make the fish feel comfortable. And you must be patient with him as he takes quite a while before he can adjust. Pink spotted puffer can go for days without eating until he’s comfortable with his surroundings.
Water Requirement for Freshwater Puffer Fish
Freshwater puffers will require water with a PH level of 7.0-7.6. The temperature should be approximately 740 and 78F.
To maintain the right temperature in the aquarium, you can use an aquarium heater if the temperature is below 74%.
Treating tap water with water conditioner is essential to prevent infections in pufferfish. You can only add salt in the water meant for freshwater pufferfish if it’s for treatment purposes.
You should always change at least 10% of the water weekly or 25% every two weeks.
Aquarium Tank Requirement for Freshwater Puffer Fish
Depending on the size of the fish, different species of pufferfish will require a different size of the tank. Small fish like dwarf puffers will require a small tank that can hold up to 5 gallons of water. Larger puffer fish like Mbu pufferfish will require a larger tank that can hold up to 125 gallons of water.
The primary fundamental factors that you should consider when buying a tank for the freshwater pufferfish are:
· The size of the fish
· Hiding places
The tank must be well decorated, and you should put up hiding places for the fish. Caves, overhangs, and caverns are essential for pufferfish as they love to hide.
You should also remember to specify the type of pufferfish you want to keep when buying the tank. Your salesperson should be able to explain the best size of the aquarium for every specific kind of pufferfish.
Feeding the Puffer Fish
Pufferfish teeth tend to get bigger throughout their life. For this reason, pufferfish will require to feed on snails and shellfish so they can naturally trim their teeth. If this is not possible, you should cut your fish teeth regularly, as big teeth will prevent them from feeding well. Here is a video of how you can trim pufferfish teeth.
Even though pufferfish are considered omnivorous, they tend to feed mostly on meat.
It is also good to feed them with plant vegetables at least once a week.
Depending on the size of the fish, You should feed pufferfish;
· At least once daily for small fish
· At least four times in a week for medium fish
· And 3 or 2 times in a week for the large species.
Breeding the Puffer Fish
It is not easy to breed pufferfish in captivity. Pufferfish have a unique breeding behaviour, that varies from each specie. Some of the pufferfishes are known to build a nest in the sand to attract the female. Once the female lays her eggs, the male will fertilize the eggs, and they form a hard shell. In 24-48 hours, the eggs hatch and the flies swim ready to feed on their own.
However, it is not difficult to breed dwarf pufferfish in captivity. When you feed dwarf puffer well and ensure the right temperature, dwarf pufferfish will produce on their own.
The male tends to chase the female until she gives in to his advances. They will then move to an area with dense plant cover and there the egg and the sperms are released—the eggs hatch in 24 – 48 hours.
- Pufferfish belong to the Tetraodontidae family.
- The largest pufferfish is Stellate, which can grow up to 47″ long.
- Pufferfish can release tetrodotoxin chemicals from their skin when they inflate. The compound is 100 xs more toxic than cyanide, and hence making them the second most poisonous animals in the world. However, in most cases, this chemical is obtained from the food they eat in the wild, and hence in captivity, they do not release this chemical.
- Pufferfish needs a lot of water, and therefore you will need a large tank to keep any kind of pufferfish. Since pufferfish do not have scales, you will need to change the water regularly to keep them healthy.
- Pufferfish are very aggressive, and hence you should not keep them with other types of fish.
- Some community like japan considers pufferfish as a delicacy, even though in some cases, it has turned to be a poisonous delicacy that can kill.