Both Gourami and Paradise fish can be different spaces, sizes, and colors.
Paradise is a word that pops to mind when one thinks of beauty. The Paradise Fish embodies this notion with their bright colors. They can also come in different sizes to add variety to your aquarium.
Gourami Fish are related to Paradise Fish so it can be easy to group them together. They are both colorful, and they are able to breathe atmospheric oxygen from water. This makes them Labyrinth fish.
These types of fish are different from others. This is because they have an added respiratory organ (known as a Labyrinth organ) while others only use their gills to breathe.
- Paradise and Gourami Fish are hardy fish for beginners
- Top 19 Gourami and Paradise Fish
- Samurai Gourami
- Crossband Chocolate Gourami fish
- Bintan Gourami
- Ornate Ctenopoma
- Link El’s Gourami
- Snakeskin Gourami
- Black Paradise Fish
- Three- Spot Gourami
- Sparkling Gourami
- Round Tailed Paradise Fish
- Ornate Paradise Fish
- Honey Gourami
- Moonlight Gourami
- Croaking Gourami
- Eyespot Gourami
- Noble Gourami
- Brown Spike-Tailed Paradise Fish
- Pearl Gourami
- Giant Gourami
- Kissing Gourami
Paradise and Gourami Fish are hardy fish for beginners
Paradise and Gourami Fish are also hardy fish which makes them the first choice for aquarium beginners. They are easy to look after because they can adapt to the conditions of the fish tank. They are coldwater fish so a tank heater is not needed for them.
Paradise Fish are rarer than Gourami ones. The former can is found in Asia. However, if you are on the look-out for even rarer Paradise Fish than Africa would be your go-to point. Gourami Fish also swim in Asia, just more towards the South East.
Top 19 Gourami and Paradise Fish
As mentioned there are many types of Gourami and Paradise fish. Let us look at the top 19 of them, in no particular order.
The first Gourami fish to check out hales from West Kalimantan, usually in the peat swamps, the Samurai Gourami Fish. They can grow up to 5.4 to 5.5 cm (about 2 inches) and prefer temperatures control for tank between 21 to 25 degrees Celsius (about 69 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit).
They are also found in waters with pH levels between 3.5 and 6.5.
Samurai Gourami food of choice is aquatic crustaceans and insects since Samurai Gouramis are micro- predators. Therefore, you can feed them daphnia, shrimp, and blood worms.
Last update on 2020-07-05 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
Crossband Chocolate Gourami fish
The Crossband Chocolate Gourami is easily identified due to the crossband pattern on their body. They like to swim in South Kalimantan mostly in the peak swamps. They reach a maximum size between 4 and 4. 5 cm (also just below 2 inches like the Samurai Gourami). Their preferred temperature is anywhere between 23 to 30 degrees Celsius (about 73 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).
In the wild, they can be found in waters with pH levels of 4 to 6. 5. However, in aquariums, the Crossband Chocolate Gourami is able to get used to pH levels around 6.
Their sources of food in nature are small aquatic crustaceans, larvae, worms, insects, and other types of zooplanktons. This makes them micro-predators. You can feed them similar types of food when they are living in aquariums such as brine shrimp and daphnia.
Next up is a type of licorice gourami called the Bintan Gourami. The natural home is peat swamps in Bintan Island in Indonesia. This species of fish is one of the smallest. The largest-sized Bintan Gourami comes in at 2. 6 (barely over an inch).
Their preferred water temperature is between 22 to 28 degrees Celsius (about 71 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). Natural they like the pH levels to be between 3 and 6. 5, but in aquariums, they would not mind a pH level around 6.
You might need a good pH controller for your fish tank
Last update on 2020-07-05 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
The Bintan Gourami is another on the list of micro-predators. Therefore they can be fed baby brine shrimp, daphnia, and worms.
Another fish you can look at hales from the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Ornate Ctenopoma. A large number of them could also swim around the shores of Madagascar.
Their size can reach up to 7cm (2. 4 inches). The temperature of the aquarium can be in the ballpark of 20 and 27 degrees Celsius (about 68 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit). The pH level should be between 5. 5 and 7. 5.
As pets in aquariums, they are willing to eat frozen or live foods. Therefore, daphnia, blood worms, and brine shrimp are good for them. However, they should not be with other fishes since they are slow-moving. This means that other types of fishes would reach food before them, causing them to become hungry.
Link El’s Gourami
Another Gourami that is on the smaller size of the scale is the Link El’s Gourami. They swim around the black waters streams of peak swamps in Kalimantan. They can grow up to 3 and 3. 5 cm (just over an inch).
They like their water temperature to be somewhere from 22 to 28 degrees Celsius (about 71 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). In the wild, they swim at a pH level between 3 and 6. 5. However, in aquariums, they prefer pH levels around the 6 marks.
Their preferred foods are tiny aquatic invertebrates such as daphnia, mosquito larvae, as well as some micro worms. Therefore the Link El’s Gourami is added to the list of micro-predators.
On to something that is slightly different: the Snakeskin Gourami. These gorgeous creatures reside in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia as well as Myanmar. What makes them stand out from the others on this list is their maximum size. They can reach 30 cm (around 12 inches).
Their temperature preference is anywhere between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius (about 72 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit) with pH levels going from 5. 8 to 8. 5. These big fishes are hardy ones for those first-time aquarium hobbyists.
Regards to food, they are omnivorous. So some algae waffles and/ or insects, and insect larvae would be great for them.
Black Paradise Fish
The Black Paradise Fish is well-known amongst fish-lovers. They live in Central Vietnam and Indonesia, usually Hill streams, black quarters of large rivers as well as marshes. They are able to reach a size of 7 to 8 cm (2.7 to 3.1 inches).
Black Paradise Fish can be sold as coldwater fishes meaning that cooler temperatures do not bother them. They accept temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (about 68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). PH levels can be between 6 and 8.
Their natural source of food is insect larvae. They also accept white worms, live or frozen daphnia as well as any other type of micro foods.
Three- Spot Gourami
This fish can go by many names such as Blue Gourami, Gold Gourami, Opaline Gourami depending on their color. But their true name is Three- Spot Gourami. They are located in Southern China, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Lima, and even Malaysia. Usually found in lowland waters with a lot of vegetation.
Their maximum size is about 15 cm (6 inches). They love temperatures that fall in the range of 24 to 30 degrees Celsius (75 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). Plus, they are also hardy fish since they can live in pH levels between 5. 5 and 8. 5.
Three-Spot Gourami can eat both plants (terrestrial, aquatic or algae) and meat (such as small invertebrates and other such zooplanktons). This, of course, makes them non-picky omnivorous.
Next on this list is the Sparkling Gourami which lives in Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. They are mostly found in a number of slow-moving waters as well as swamps, peat swamps, and forests. Their size can reach up to 3. 5 to 4 cm (around 1. 5 inches), making them quite small.
In the aquarium, they like the water temperature to be between 22 and 28 degrees Celsius (71 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). PH levels between 5 and 7. 5.
They are easy to come by hardy gouramis.
Their natural food of choice is insects and other types of invertebrates. Therefore, in aquariums, you can feed them daphnia larvae, blood worms, micro worms, and mosquito larvae.
Round Tailed Paradise Fish
The Round Tailed Paradise Fish likes to be in a number of places such as China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. But they are rare to find. They are able to breathe in atmospheric oxygen making ditches and pools or even frozen over waters. They can reach a length of 8 cm (3.1 inches).
They are coldwater fishes so any temperature between 10 to 22 degrees Celsius (50 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit) could be ideal for them. Plus, pH levels of 6 to 7. 5 would suit them nicely. They naturally eat insect larvae and invertebrates. This means that feeding them daphnia, bloodworms and micro worms would make them feel at home.
Ornate Paradise Fish
The Sri Lanka native Ornate Paradise Fish can reach a size of anywhere between 3 to 5 cm (1. 5 to 2 inches). They are also part of the coldwater club liking temperatures of 16 to 22 degrees Celsius (60 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit). The pH levels in the aquarium can be between 5 to 7. 5 to make them feel comfortable.
Ornate Paradise Fish are natural micro-predators eating different types of invertebrates as well as insect larvae. Therefore you can feed them live or frozen foods such as daphnia, bloodworms, brine shrimps, and micro worms.
A classic fish for aquarium hobbyists that is easy to come by is the Honey Gourami. These fishes hale from Northern India usually in very vegetated and sluggish waters. They can grow up to 4. 5 and 5. 5 cm (about 2 inches).
The temperature that would suit them is on the warm side ranging from 22 and 27 degrees Celsius (71 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit). PH levels can be 6 to 7. 5. In the wild, they eat invertebrates as well as other types of insects. But, you can feed them dried products.
However, you should not only feed them dried products and you should add either frozen or live foods. You can choose from daphnia, bloodworms, and micro worms to keep them healthy and happy.
Moonlight Gourami is easy to find in aquarium shops but they naturally exist in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. You may even find some in Singapore. They can reach a size of 15 cm (6 inches).
They are warm water fish so making sure that your tank is between 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). Plus, pH levels of 6 to 7. 5 would suit them well.
A good thing about the Moonlight Gourami is that they accept a lot of prepared food. You should add some live or frozen food into the mix.
Another small gourami to add to our list is called the Croaking Gourami. These tiny fishes naturally occur in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. They are found in lowland, swamp and peat swamps as well as floodplains.
They grow up to 2 inches about which is 4 to 5 cm.
A temperature between 22 and 28 degrees Celsius (71 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit) with pH levels from 5 to 7. 5 would be ideal for their aquarium home.
You can feed them bloodworm, and brine shrimp while in the aquarium. They naturally eat insects and invertebrates in their natural habit.
The Eyespot Gourami is a tiny fish that can swim nicely regardless of the size of the tank. 5 to 10 gallons will give them enough space to explore. The largest-sized one was measured at 3. 2 cm (1. 2 inches) and lives in the small muddy streams of Northern Myanmar.
They can swim in a wide temperature range going from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius (59 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit) in pH levels between 6. 5 to 7. 5.
The Eyespot Gourami is also a micro-predatory that enjoys eating small aquatic crustaceans. Therefore, feeding them micro-worms, bloodworms, and daphnia would be appreciated by them.
The Noble Gourami also goes by the name Frail Gourami and is a rare one to have. They live mostly in North-Eastern India and they can reach a maximum size of 9 to 10 cm (3. 5 to 3. 9 inches).
They can live in a wide range with regard to temperature. In the tank, you can keep the water temperature anywhere between 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. However, the best temperature to aim for is around 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit). Plus, they also like their pH levels between 5 and 7. 5.
The Noble Gourami is another micro-predator means that you may find in brine shrimp, daphnia, and insect larvae.
Brown Spike-Tailed Paradise Fish
In coastal areas of India, you can find the Brown Spike-Tailed Paradise Fish that can grow up to 6 to 6. 5 cm (slightly above 2 inches). They like their temperature to be between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius (68 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). They are also fans of pH levels being between 6 and 7. 5.
The Brown Spiked-Tailed Paradise Fish is another on the long list of micro-predators. Therefore, feeding them micro worms, brine shrimps and daphnia will do wonders for them.
The Pearly Gourami lives up to their name with being a beautiful looking fish. They live in the lowland swamps of Thailand, the Islands of Borneo and Sumatra, as well as in Malaysia. They reach a length of 12 cm (4. 8 inches).
The temperature of the tank should be between 24 to 30 degrees Celsius (75 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). Plus, pH levels of 5. 5 to 8.
Pearl Gouramis are not fussy eaters and will eat anything that comes their way. But, you should give them a mixture of vegetable matter with some meat such as brine shrimp.
The next one on this list is one of the biggest living up to their name: Giant Gourami. Their natural habitat is Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Thailand, Malaysia and around Indochina. They live in large rivers, swamps and bodies of stagnating waters. The biggest that they can grow up to in about 70 cm (28 inches).
The Giant Gourami like their tank temperature to be at 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit) with pH levels in the range of 6. 5 to 8.
They are unfussy when it comes to food meaning they can be fed anything from frozen, palates, vegetable matter. However, in the wild, they can target amphibians and dead animals as a food source.
The young look different for their adult counter-part. This is due to the fact that the Giant Gourami’s face changes with age.
And a bonus Gourami Fish to mention on this list is the Kissing Gourami. These are named because they look as if they kiss but that is incorrect- they are fighters. They are native to Indonesia where they live in slow-moving or still standing waters. They grow up to 20 to 25 cm (7. 8 to 9. 8 inches).
Their favorite temperature falls in the range of 22 to 30 degrees Celsius (71 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). PH levels between 6 and 8 since they are not fussy about that.
They are filter feeders which makes them a bit harder to feed when comparing to the others on this list. They enjoy rasping algae off of rocks so putting them in a mature tank would be helpful. However, they can break down large foods and can also eat smaller pellets, worm, and mosquito larvae.