Pufferfish are amazing creatures, and you will fall in love with small puffer fish saltwater once you set your eyes on them.
There are several pufferfish species, and a fascinating thing about them is their curious nature.
You can easily identify a pufferfish with their four teeth-like beaks. Another fantastic characteristic is their ability to puff their body when endangered. At first sight, pufferfish are slow, stunning, and gentle but can become one of the deadliest fish you can encounter once under threat.
Although pufferfish is among the most poisonous animals in the world to man, they can be kept as a pet. Keeping pufferfish is also an excellent choice for beginners to experts, as it is easy to care for them.
You will find a wide range of saltwater puffer fish that you can keep in a reef. After researching saltwater puffers, some of the small saltwater puffer fish that you can keep in your aquarium are stated below.
Figure 8 puffer fish
If you want to switch from freshwater to saltwater pets, figure 8 puffer is a perfect species to keep for beginners.
Figure 8 puffer fish is among the most stunning puffer species, and it keeps its lovely markings until adulthood. Another thing is that it is personable, friendly, and entertaining, and it will stay small even during adulthood.
Figure 8 puffers are native to Asia, and it is best if you keep it in a brackish environment.
It is usually aggressive towards its species and can grow to about 3 inches long. It has dark brown to black coloration with a white belly, and the body has yellow lines or spots.
You can keep figure 8 puffer fish in a 15-gallon aquarium without any hassle. It is best to add fake plants, sandy substrate, and varieties of rockwork in figure 8 puffers aquarium to serve as a hiding place.
Figure 8 puffer fish will typically feed on crustaceans and mollusks in the wild.
You can feed them with meaty and hard-shelled foods like crayfish, daphnia, clams, krill, crickets, scallops, oysters, shrimp, plankton, worms, and snails. The reason for the inclusion of hard-shelled foods is mainly to keep their teeth from becoming overgrown.
Striped burrfish are considered to be among a small to medium-sized saltwater pufferfish that you can keep as pets.
It has a short, round body that is yellowish-green with dark and wavy stripes. Stripped puffers also have short and sharp spines all over its head and body. It looks similar to porcupine fish, but it has shorter, less sharply pointed, and immovable spines on its body.
In the wild, you will find striped burrfish in the tropics of the western Atlantic Ocean, along the Atlantic coast of North America, and sometimes in the far north as Cape Cod. It can also grow to about 10 inches in length once it matures.
Although many people considered pufferfish to be carnivorous, it does graze on algae occasionally.
The best thing about burrfish is that it is not picky and will feed on anything that can fit its mouth. In the wild, it will feed on crustaceans, shellfish, and hard-shelled foods like the snail.
Some of the other foods that it will eat are jellyfish, larval eels, algae, hermit crabs, and barnacles. Burrfish will use its powerful beak-like jaws for crushing and consuming prey, or they eat their prey whole.
Valentin’s Sharpnose Pufferfish
The Valentin’s Sharpnose pufferfish is also known as saddle puffer, and you will find them in the tropical and subtropical areas surrounded by coral reefs. It is common in the shallow seas over the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and it moves in groups that range from about 10 to 100.
When it is not moving around, the school of Sharpnose puffers takes shelter around the coral heads around 150 feet in the water.
Sharpnose pufferfish are usually small in size as it can grow to about 4.5 inches in length. You can easily identify them because of its yellowfins with its wide and black stripes and dark spots on the white flesh. Another distinctive feature is its sharp nose, which is where it is named.
Unlike most of the pufferfish species, Sharpnose pufferfish are omnivorous. It feeds on worms, corals, and other small organisms, and numerous types of algae.
Baby porcupine pufferfish
If you are seeking a fairly demanding and large fish that has a fascinating personality, porcupine puffers are the perfect fish for you. It is called porcupine pufferfish because of its iconic spiky body that is used for defense against prey.
Another exciting thing is that the fish will learn about their owners and how to get their attention. It is also among the few pufferfish species that are considered to be reef safe. You can easily care for porcupine pufferfish if you select the right tank mates, tank layout, and clean-up crew.
Porcupine pufferfish have similar care with numerous saltwater fish, and you will need a big aquarium to keep them. It can also handle changes in temperature, salinity, and pH of a tank than other fish.
It is very sturdy, and if you can maintain a healthy aquarium, you will be able to keep them for many years.
Since it is slow-moving in the water, it is easy to catch, making it readily available when compared with other saltwater fish. Some of the things that you need to know about baby porcupine pufferfish before you get them are stated below.
Social behavior of porcupine fish
In the wild, porcupine fish are solitary animals, and they are usually found living alone. You will only find them in two only when it wants to mate. Once they finish mating, their eggs will float along in the water without any care from the adults.
After hatching, baby porcupine fish will be carried along by currents until they can swim.
Size of baby porcupine pufferfish
Porcupine pufferfish usually get big, very fast. It can grow to about 12 inches in length with large rounded heads and pale bodies. It is also often covered with sharp spines that will lay flat against their bodies until they sense any danger. Baby porcupine pufferfish are usually about 1-2 inches long and grow very fast.
What do baby porcupine puffer fish eat?
Porcupinefish are carnivorous nocturnal feeders, and they feed on crustaceans and small pieces of fresh shrimp. You can feed baby porcupine pufferfish with frozen krill, frozen shrimp, baby brine, and bay scallops.
Note: porcupine fish are messy eaters, and you filter their tank or net/vacuum out excess foods from their tank after feeding. Filtering the tanks is for the prevention of algae bloom in their tank.
You can keep baby porcupine pufferfish in a 15-gallon tank for some months since it is still small and has plenty of room. But once, you should ensure you upgrade its tank after 1-2 months as it will be bigger.
Adult porcupine pufferfish can grow up to 12 inches, and you will need about 100 gallons of the aquarium to keep it. Most hobbyists also advise against keeping multiple porcupine puffers in a tank.
Porcupine Puffer Tank Needs
There are some special requirements that most tanks will follow if you want to keep a porcupine pufferfish.
Porcupine puffers do not have scales, and they can get sick easily if you keep them in a tank with too much copper. You need to make sure their tanks have a low level of copper. Some of the steps you can use to keep the copper level down in your aquarium are stated below.
- Do not use hospital tank water for your aquarium.
- Always feed your fish with lower copper content foods.
- Do not use water sources from copper pipes.
Firstly, Iodine is a trace element that can be found in many tanks.
Also, iodine is usually introduced to a tank through water changes and also with supplements.
Porcupine puffers can live in a tank with little or no added iodine if the tank water is changed more than once a week.
However, if you do not change the water, you will need to add iodine in the tank. A deficiency in iodine in a tank with porcupine pufferfish can lead to thyroid issues and lockjaw.