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What Do Baby Bull Snakes Eat

Baby snakes are generally known to eat small animals. Baby bull snakes are, of course, no expectation. They are known to eat small rodents that are almost their size before going into details on what baby bull snakes feed on and how they do it. Let’s go over a quick description of what bull snakes are and what they look like.

This article has been reviewed by Dr. Gospel. Read more about our knowledge control process here.

What are Baby Bull Snakes?

Baby bull snakes are bull snake babies. They are referred to as hatchlings when they’re out of their eggs. They are not staying with their mother and explore the wild.

They are a nonvenomous snake that becomes large after the snake’s life cycle. The bull snakes are sturdy and stout bodies constrictors. In some countries,  they called them gopher snakes.

baby bull snake eats small rodents
baby bull snake eats small rodents

Bull snakes are known as one of the longest snakes. They grow as long as 6 feet long or more. But this feature may not be visible while they are babies, but as they mature, they tend to grow into giant snakes. If approached, a bull snake will wave its tail, the coil itself, and hiss loud with its mouth wide open. 

If you try to capture it, it bites to defend itself, hey, don’t forget they are non-venomous they won’t hurt you. So, don’t try to kill them or her them by anything. All you should do is try to be calm and handle them easily.

However, they’re in a variety of colors. They have a yellow head, which has several dark markings.  They have a mostly creamy or yellowish-brown colored body.

The baby bull snakes have the same color as the adult bull snake. But the overall color pattern may only be lighter.

However, baby bull snakes in climates like the U.S, are at risk of freezing in cold weather. This weather is, therefore, unfair to them. 

Let’s find out what they eat and survive in the wild;

What Do Baby Bull Snake Eat

Bull snakes are large nonvenomous constrictors that eat a variety of small mammals throughout their lifetime.  Baby snakes eat the same food as the adult snake would, but you should be cautious of the food size you give it.

Baby bull snakes won’t take on anything larger than them. If they do so, it will result in a substantial health risk for them. It’s either that prey is attacking them, or they get choked while trying to swallow.

Baby bull snakes won’t take on anything larger than them

However, they require enough food while growing, which is when they turn into an adult bull snake.

If you want to feed them, ensure you choose a meal that is most appropriate for them. You shouldn’t give a baby bull snake a big meal to eat.

Don’t forget snakes swallow their food whole. So, feeding a baby bull snake a meal bigger than its size may choke it.

feeding a baby bull snake a meal bigger than its size may choke it

It applies to adults to bull snakes as well. 

Sometimes, they risk themselves while trying to take on bigger mammals. Death may result, as the party would attack them. Even if they succeed in hunting the prey down, they may not be able to swallow it due to its size.

bull snake

Bull Snakes and Rodents.

Bull snakes feed mainly on rodents, such as frogs, rats, lizards,  rabbits, and pocket gophers. They would also take on birds and their eggs.

The baby bull snakes (juvenile) depend mostly on smaller rodents.  They feed primarily on small lizards, baby mice, frogs, etc.

These baby bull snakes are powerful; they are capable of killing more abundant prey. They are not going to feed on them. But it doesn’t mean they are going to feed on them. Their food can vary, ranging from reptiles, rodents, and other smaller mammals. But pocket gophers are their favorite, and that is why they called them “gopher snakes.”

Meanwhile, these snakes play a vital role in keeping rodents in check. Rodents are what they eat, so having them around helps to keep rodents away. They are also amazing and amusing to see. 

Feeding Mechanism

Baby bull snakes can get very hungry ! Their urge to hunt their prey can make them climb small trees to invade birds’ nests to feed on their eggs. Gophers won’t be a bad idea for them.

But when hunger strikes, they reach for the fastest prey around.

Bull snakes are known to be powerful constrictors. When they grab their prey such as rabbits or rats, then squeeze it. 

Smaller bull snakes would grab the smaller prey. It takes these snakes only 4 seconds or less to catch prey with their teeth then coil around them tightly. For pinky mice and other small rodents, bull snakes can push their prey against a rock or whatever they can around. 

While they do this, they exact pressure on the prey. This pressure stops the flow of blood from the brain of the victim and kills it instantly.

 Sometimes, the prey might defend itself by biting, which will make the bull snake retreat.

Bull snakes have jaws capable of expanding; these jaws are joined together by elastic tendons, unlike humans that possess hinges. With the jawbone, they can open their mouth so full they can swallow their prey whole. Bull snakes don’t chew food; no snake does that. They take their prey entirety.

Benefits of adult/baby Bull Snakes

Bull snakes are nonvenomous snakes, they’re not harmful and can be fun having around. Having or keeping either of these snakes is not a bad idea. Imagine you’re a farmer or just having rodent infestation. You will definitely need these rodent hunters.

They’re a right way of tracking the rodent population anywhere.

If you have a baby bull snake and you think it wouldn’t be active as an adult. Well, baby bull snakes are as busy as adults. The bright and only different feature between these two is that the adults feed on bigger rodents. Unlike the baby bull snake.

Aside from that, baby bull snakes are okay to keep; they grow as big as the adult before you even know it, and I am sure you would be proud of them.


If you want your baby bull snake happy, give them rodents smaller than they are. Please don’t make them eat bigger rodents. You don’t want them choking to death. 

Make sure to feed them often, too; they are growing snakes. So. They would require frequent feeding to develop as significant as other bigger snakes you might have seen.

2 thoughts on “What Do Baby Bull Snakes Eat”

  1. I have a baby bull snake that was given to me and I am needing to know what to do with it, this was very helpful but what do you do if it wont eat. I am trying to rehabilitate it due to it being attacked by a cat.


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